Alcohol Abuse

How Alcohol Affects The Body

How Alcohol Affects The Body

When people drink alcohol, it is absorbed into the bloodstream and distributed throughout the whole body. However, some amount of the alcohol exits the body through urine and breath. Foods that have a high amount of fats can cause the alcohol to be absorbed at a slower pace. However, when individuals drink more than they can contain, they will get drunk. Consumption of alcohol causes physical and emotional changes that can harm the body. This article outlines some of the effects of the consumption of alcohol.

Effects Of Alcohol Consumption

Excretory System

The excretory system is responsible for the processing and elimination of waste products in the body. Alcohol is a waste product because it is made of harmful toxins. When people take excess alcohol, the pancreas produces harmful toxins that may interfere with its functioning. It, therefore, leads to its inflammation and the condition is called pancreatitis.
In addition to that, the liver is also affected. Its function is to break down harmful substances including alcohol. Excessive drinking facilitates the liver being overworked and the drinkers are at a risk of getting hepatitis. That may, in turn, lead to getting jaundice. Moreover, lasting damage to the liver may cause it to scar and drinkers will have a condition known as liver cirrhosis. With that status, the liver will fail to function, and the toxic substances will remain in the body.

Immune System

Over time, alcohol will weaken the immune system causing the body to have a hard time fighting off diseases. Studies show that heavy drinkers are more likely to get pneumonia and tuberculosis as compared to non-drinkers. Consequently, drinkers are more susceptible to many forms of cancer.

Skeletal And Muscle Systems

This is a long term effect of consumption of alcohol. Over time, it becomes difficult for the body to produce new bone. Drinkers are at a higher risk of getting osteoporosis and bone fractures. Osteoporosis is a condition that causes thinning of the bone. The muscles become weakened as well, and they are prone to cramps and atrophy.

Circulatory System

Studies have shown that drinking has adverse effects on the heart. Chronic drinkers, therefore, damage their cardiovascular system over time. It is important to note that women are more affected because their absorption rate is different as compared to men. The complications that drinkers are at a risk of getting include, stroke, heart attack, high blood pressure, irregular heartbeats and heart failure among others.…

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